The Reserva do Ibitipoca started in 1981 with the purchase of the Fazenda do Engenho (Engenho’s Farm). Previously some of the farmland had been abandoned and was starting to regenerate.
Today the Reserva is composed of over 100 properties, which exceeds 3,000 hectares of preserved area in the counties of Lima Duarte, Bias Fortes, and Santa Rita do Ibitipoca. The Reserva partially encompasses the State Park, to form a buffer zone to increase the natural habitat to encourage the proliferation of the local wildlife.
In 2009, the Reserva do Ibitipoca was opened for tourists with the goal of creating employment opportunities to improve the quality of life for the local population.