The changing types of environments in this area is confirmed by the wide variety of flora that can be found in Ibitipoca. The Atlantic Forest consists of some ecosystems with characteristics typical of the Cerrado. The high altitude grasslands and the camps rupestres (rocky grassland) are enriched with a variety of species of twisted trees, orchids, cacti, catkin, and bromeliads, the symbol of the Reserva do Ibitipoca.
A substantial part of the original vegetation was destroyed when the land was transformed into pastures. Luckily, once a pasture is abandoned the nature can return and native flora can regrow. The trees return first that provide the necessary shade for the other species to flourish.
The Reserva has focused its efforts on planting native trees in more degraded areas and in areas that contain branchiária, a domineering grass species that monopolizes the soil. The Reserva has also conducted a number of native plantings in order to reconnect isolated pockets of forests, therefore creating a dispersion corrido. Some exemplary species of this reasons are: ipe tree, kapok tree, cedar, lenten tree, sapucaia tree, manacá da serra tree, rosewood and araucaria.
Today, 30% of the Reserva do Ibitipoca is covered with forests, 50% with forests undergoing regeneration, and 20% with pasture or crops.